Study of Viewpoints of Orthography on the Prefaces and Postscripts of Philology in Past Dynasties

  • zihui Xia 夏子惠 Beijing Normal University

Abstract

With the help of The Preface and Postscript Collection of Philology, this thesis extracts and analyzes the viewpoints about orthography on the prefaces and postscripts of philology in past dynasties, combs the academic history of orthography, appraises their viewpoints of orthography, and points out their practical significance in today’s normalizing Chinese characters. Scholars in past dynasties have different viewpoints of orthography. Through card- ing and research, we believe that a scientific viewpoint of orthography should respect the objective law of the development of Chinese characters, and adhere to the orthographic stand- ards that conform to the structure of Chinese characters. We should take history as a mirror, absorb the scientific orthographic methods and experiences of successive scholars, adhere to the correct viewpoint of orthography and formulate effective methods of standardization of Chinese characters according to the actual situation of their usage.

Key words : Preface and postscript, Viewpoint of orthography, Standardization of Chinese characters

 

本文主要藉助《小學文獻序跋彙編》這部書,將歷代小學文獻序跋中學者有關“正字”的理論觀點提取出來,梳理正字觀的學術史,客觀評價歷代學者的正字觀,並指出其對我們今天進行漢字規範的現實意義。歷代學者的正字觀各有不同,通過梳理與研究,我們認為科學的正字觀應當尊重漢字發展的客觀規律,堅持符合漢字構形理據的正字標準。我們要以史為鑒,吸取歷代學者科學的正字方法與經驗,根據現今文字使用的實際情況,堅持正確的正字觀,制定行之有效的漢字規範方法。

關鍵字 : 序跋, 正字觀, 漢字規範

Author Biography

zihui Xia 夏子惠, Beijing Normal University

I was born in China. I am now a doctoral student majoring in Chinese language and philolo gy in Beijing Normal University. My tutor is Professor Zhou Xiaowen.

Published
2020-04-30